When designing, operating, or renovating any piece of infrastructure that has large volumes of people or complex, nontrivial routes, pedestrian modelling allows us to visualize movement patterns under a range of scenarios to gain insight into the user experience and inform decision making.

This is quantified in terms of travel times, queuing, areas of density, and other metrics. Under emergency scenarios, it allows us to ensure all occupants can safely evacuate by identifying bottlenecks or underutilized routes.

When designing or renovating facilities, such as stadia, event centres, arenas, and transit stations, Pedestrian Modelling can be leveraged to optimize the following key areas:

  • Determine the number of security and ticketing devices required as well as the resulting anticipated queue times.

  • Sizing of entrance vestibules and protected exterior spaces.

  • Test redundancy of ingress processes by quantifying impact on queue times when security or ticketing devices are reduced.

  • Sensitivity analysis on types of security equipment, from traditional “mag and bag” to modern contactless technology.

  • 3D visualization of ingress queues throughout entire event.

  • Determine egress time under normal scenarios for each seating area.

  • Quantify egress patterns and volumes at each entrance to ensure exterior traffic modelling, traffic impact assessments, and event management plans are coordinated.

  • Timed egress analysis in collaboration with our fire engineering services and fire modelling to demonstrate life safety (RSET vs ASET analysis).
  • Quantify Level of Service throughout concourses for range of events.

  • Inform layout of washrooms and concessions to maximize throughput, thus improving concession sales.

  • Sensitivity analysis of concession queue arrangements to maximize throughput.

  • 3D visualization of concourse density and queues through intermission period.
  • Quantify Level of Service for all aspects of a station as typically required by project specific requirements and/or client specifications.

  • Collaborate with design team to optimize the station while meeting these LOS requirements.

  • Mitigate project risk by performing pedestrian modelling early in the design phase and showing conformance to LOS criteria.

  • Quantify platform clearance time, transfer time between services, and station egress time to show conformance to requirements or to maximize station efficiency.
  • Test future mitigation measures on all aspects of the above to determine a range of event capacities that meet stakeholder goals while mitigating risk.
  • For each construction stage, determine and visualize the impact on pedestrian movement caused by construction hoarding or a change in available routes.

  • Determine if evacuation times are still acceptable and if project-specific criteria are still met (LOS, travel time, etc.).
  • Renovations: Test design options to determine relative performance of each in terms of travel times, crowding, and life safety.

  • Revenue Optimization: Model existing buildings and test proposed changes to movement patterns to quantify foot traffic throughout. Drive foot traffic through operational changes to the highest value areas with revenue generating opportunities.

By using advanced tools to carefully study how users will interact with their built environment, we can create safer, better-performing buildings.

Contact us to learn more about our Pedestrian Modelling service.

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